Brahma Chicken Breed Characteristics

The Brahma originally named Brahmaputra (Brahmapootra) after a river in India, is an American Chicken Breed, developed from birds that had been imported from the Chinese port of Shanghai. 

In the chickens giant hall of fame, the Brahma chickens sit up there, together with other giant breeds like the Jersy Giant,  with Brahma cocks weighing up to 12 pounds and hens weighing 10 pounds. 

Developed to be a meat chicken, Brahma chickens yield large capons that are ideal for roasting. 

Historial records show that some Brahma chickens have weighed up to 18 pounds for cocks and 13 pounds for hens. 

Brahma Chicken

History of the Brahma Chicken Breed

The origins of the Brahma chickens are not very clear, but it appears to have been developed in the United States of America, using chickens imported from the port of Shangai, China.  This led them to be originally named “Shanghai” Birds or “Shanghaes”. 

The Brahma gets it’s head shape form the grey Chittagong chickens of the Malay type. There existed many strains, with multiple names for the Brahma and there was a need for standardization. In 1852, poultry judges decided to name the bird Brahmapootra, which was later shortened to Brahma. In the same year, Geroge Burhan gifted Queen Victoria with 9 Brahmas (Known as Gray Shanghaes) at the time. This gift led to the debut of the Brahma in England. English Breeder developed dark Brahma and exported it back to the United States. 

In 1865, the Poultry Club of Great Britain included the light and dark Brahmas in the British Poultry Standard. The same birds were included in the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1874, with the buff variety being added in 1924.  

Brahma Chicken Breed Profile

  • Brahma Chickens Egg Shell Color: Brown

  • Egg size: Large

  • Egg Productivity: 150 eggs per year

  • Skin Color: Yellow

  • Brahma Chicken Breed Standard Weight.

    • Cock: 12 lbs

    • Hen: 9.5 lbs

    • Cockerel: 10  lbs

    • Pullet: 8  lbs

  • Purpose: Meat

  • Temperament: Calm and Friendly 

  • Size: Large

  • Broodiness: gets broody and is a good sitter

  • Comb: Single 

  • Climatic Tolerance:  Hardy. Lays throughout Winter.

  • Varieties: Light, Dark, Buff

  • Color Description: Different colors depending on the variety. 

  • Conservation Status: Recovering

  • Country of Origin: The United States of America

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